What are the Physical Skills?

In this contemporary world, do you see people spinning or weaving by their own hands? Do people still use carriages for traveling from one to another? Things have been so changed in this 21st century. The rampant technology has replaced most of the human physical work. Skill is the ability for doing specific work. However, physical skill means the strength naturally given to human beings for accomplishing many tasks by using this strength.  

physical skills

Types of physical skills:

There are a total of ten skills to every normal human being naturally acquired by birth. Through these skills, humans do their work by using their specific muscles made specifically for that task.

10 physical skills
  1. Cardiovascular muscle:  It works as gathering oxygen and delivering it to the whole body.
  2. Stamina: It works as storing and delivering and utilizing energy present in the human body.
  3. Strength: It works through the coordination of muscles by applying force.
  4. Flexibility:  It means the ability to increase the range of movement at the joint.
  5. Power: It is muscular coordination that helps to apply greater force in less period.
  6. Speed: Ability to produce maximum movement which helps in minimize the time.
  7. Coordination: It is the coordination of muscles to accomplish a single movement.
  8. Agility: It is the ability to decrease the time of transition from the pattern of one movement to another.
  9. Balance: It helps the body to support its placement concerning its base in the center of gravity.
  10. Accuracy: It helps in control the movement happening in a particular direction.

Physical skills for Job:

The high-tech world is rapidly replacing humans with the machine. One might think physical or manual work might have been perished completely, as current jobs requirement is mostly related to the mental ability which could help to work with a computer such as reading, reasoning, thinking, and analyzing. However, some of the physical work still exist today. For instance, construction work, electricians, and auto-mechanic still require human strength. Still, people are required to construct buildings and homes. They require huge strength to lift heavy materials such as cement blocks, metal bars, wood boards. Also, there are tools, needed to control construction work, need much strength to lift them. On the other hand, most of the office work requires employees to stand up and walk for hours around the office. Some social and health-related jobs require their employees for fielding work. For instance, in Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP) workers must go to each registered home and investigate the condition of families, whether they really in a condition to be economically supported by the government. Similarly, in census workers must go to every doorstep and acquire data of every family member to add up whole population data into general population census results. In addition, health workers whose job is to provide Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) to each child at the doorstep, need human strength to reach every door on foot. The abovementioned works require human energy and strength which is impossible for a machine to accomplish these tasks.

Job requirement Physical strength and Dexterity skills:

Physical strength is something apparent in fitness which is attained through daily exercises and nutritious food. While dexterity skill is something when people able to work with both hands. This skill attains through continuously working on specific work. This can be painting, crafting, calligraphy, sewing, etc. Most of the job requirement is to have the physical strength and to have an experience of dexterity skills besides having the know-how of tools that are used in completing a job. We mostly forget about this requirement, aren’t we? for instance, people might study well and took greater grades in their academic time, however, while coming into the job field to practice their knowledge they always face question by appointers how much experience do you have? This question must be annoying many people but that is the reality no one can deny. For instance, all the doctors and the teachers must have equal knowledge, but people prefer to be operated on by doctors having experience of five to ten years, and students prefer to be taught by experienced teachers. Because only experienced teachers know how to develop an interest in students and from an experienced surgeon, it seems safest to be operated on as they know every sensitive nerve.

There are the following jobs that heavily require employees’ dexterity skills and physical strength.

Trade jobs: This job requires plumbers, electricians, and auto mechanics. These all heavily rely on human strength and physical skills.

Performing art: This job requires dancers, painters, actors, theatre performances. These cannot be possible merely by having know-how about these things rather they require to have dexterity experience and stamina to perform these tasks. These arts that entertain people cannot be replaced by machines.

Health-based positions: The requirement of this job is nutritionist, Yoga teacher, fitness trainer, physiotherapist. They are direly needed in this existing world. They are completely fit this physical strength and flexibility. Besides, these actions do not need knowledge to cram rather it needs the only experience of steps they take while doing these exercises.

Medical careers: Surgeons, physician, and nursing jobs also require dexterity and stamina to accomplish their daily work. Without practice, no matter how many degrees a surgeon has, these all will be vain without its experience of doing surgery.

The Relationship Between Work Experience and Job Performance:

There is a very core relationship between work experience and job performance. One can say job experience gives back to job performance. If you have enough experienced related to a specific job, you will perform that job effectively. As there is saying, ‘Practice makes a man perfect, if you keep on practicing on specific work, one day, that work will make your gem. This is what the relation of work experience reflects on the job experience. In past, this experience does not value much for the job performance. However, meta-analyst Hunter by Hunter was the first to introduce the correlation between these two ingredients in 1984. Later this was highlighted by Schmidt, Hunter, and Outterbridge in 1986. They have given renowned theoretical hypotheses for analyzing the performance of a job through experience in that specific job. However, there have been different definitions of studies of many meta-analysts. This difference comes due to the difference in the performance of experienced employees. This distinction proves that individuals may have the same tenure of job experience but there can be a difference come in the number of similar tasks performed by both.

How to select the best candidate to apply for the job:

Most jobs require a candidate’s physical strength. For instance, electrician, mechanic. In such jobs, there arises a problem in selecting the candidate best at talking tasks that require physical power of strength. There has been too much time taking tests conducted to select capable candidates among a pool of applicants. This is an obvious time-consuming process and might get injure those who are physically weak. The cure to this problem is that there should be physical ability measuring tools that could quickly and easily administer the problem and do not cause injury to weaker ones. For this process, Blakely, Quiñones, and Jago (1995) in their study published in the journal “personnel Psychology” reported on the results measured in such tools.

They used the following statistical principles used for this measurement are:

  • scatterplots
  • covariance
  • correlation
  • linear regression
  • multiple regression

Conclusion

Physical skills are the natural ability present to every human being to accomplish worldly tasks. Though many tasks are replaced by machines, still the whole human is far distant to be replaced by a machine. There are still works present that require human strength and stamina. Physical skills require physical fitness. This fitness is acquired through good nutrition and exercise. If one wants to be strengthened physically, he/she must also take care of his/her diet. With physical strength comes dexterity skills. These skills are acquired through continuously doing a particular work that curves out a particular skill.

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